Today, Azerbaijan celebrates the Independence Day.

The 20th century went down in history not only as a century of science and technology, but also as a century of national awakening, the liberation of peoples from colonialism and the creation of national states.

The Revolution of 1917 in Russia ended the rule of the Romanov dynasty. As a result, the Russian Empire collapsed. The peoples had to decide their own fate. The peoples had to decide their own fate. On May 28, 1918, the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic was proclaimed.

The Azerbaijan Democratic Republic became the first democratic republic not only on the territory of modern Azerbaijan, but also in the whole East. It was a parliamentary republic. Its state attributes were adopted – a flag, an anthem. However, the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic lasted only 23 months. On April 28, 1920, Azerbaijan was occupied by the 11th army of the Bolsheviks, and the republic fell.

Meanwhile, until 2022 May 28 was celebrated as the Republic Day.